Leather Fact Team

Bonded Leather

The Best Guide on Bonded Leather

The wide variety in the classification of leather can easily put one’s mind to unrest. Bonded leather is one of the vital segments of this story.

People purchase clothing, footwear, book cover, cases and cover for electronics, furniture and all kinds of products, made of it. So it enjoys substantial popularity in the real world despite its fundamental low quality.

Essentially it costs less and looks almost the same as top grade genuine leather. Therefore shoppers are not shy of going for it. Now let’s dive deep into the definition and other relevant aspects of it. 

What is Bonded Leather:

In short, scraps and remnants of leather are blended into a pulp. This is then pasted on a backer, usually a fiber cloth or a paper backing.

They coat the whole thing with polyurethane and emboss it with a leather-like texture or grain to give it a genuine-leather appearance.

The pulp makes up for about 10-20% of the final product and in turn, it is called blended leather.

None can say bonded leather is completely artificial as it contains some elements of leather. But those components are in fact scraps and it simply indicates their belonging to the inferior quality.

A hide is cut into many portions to fit specific product designs in mind. After they cut off portions of hide for the best full grain goods, there arise some leftovers in bits and pieces.

Moreover, the natural sizes of all hides never match. This factor again contributes to some additional wastes. These unused pieces and small cutoffs of the hide are carefully collected and then sent to a specialized factory. They grind those scraps to a specific type of mulch. When these little pieces are glued back together using polyurethane, the final outcome of this process is bonded leather.

In terms of quality, it closely resembles its low end bi-cast counterpart. In no way, one can write off bonded leather as rubbish because of its credible smell as well as appearance.

As a result, manufacturers once in a while put genuine leather labels on it. An average person has no capability in determining its true state. The distinction goes too subtle for most of us to handle. We need to keep digging in order to resolve this issue as we at least know bonded leather is not on par with real leather.

What are some other names of Bonded leather?

Bonded leather goes with several other legal as well as popular names.

  • Genuine leather
  • Real leather
  • LeatherSoft
  • Reconstituted leather
  • Blended leather
  • Vero cuoio
  • Composite leather

How to identify bonded leather?

Sample of Bonded leather

You, as a buyer, are in a real dilemma while buying leather goods because of its variation in quality, materials and composition. Well, Leatherfact set a guideline to identify bonded leather at ease. Let’s check out the methods.

Legal guidance:

You already know that bonded leather makes up for about 10-20% of the materials. The Federal Trade Commission (FTC), in the USA, has outlined a Leather Guide that guides the overall marketing strategy of bonded leather products. Normally, the manufacturer or marketer should adequately obviate the percentage of leather and non leather materials in the product, much clear for the consumer to see it and understand.

Label marker:

Apart from artificial leather, manufacturers use ‘genuine leather’ labels on all merchandise regardless of its percentage. Now, you can simply take a look at the label and decide for yourself whether it is real leather or not. None can deceive you into believing it to be durable and attractive top grain.

Price range:

Another signifier is the price range as reconstituted leather never dents your wallet. For most of the families, genuine leather product expenses starve out the other near future essentials. Full grain leather goods trail just the house and the car right from the behind in terms of cost.


You can tell the difference by sensing its thickness as well. Bonded leather goes thinner than their real counterparts.


Bonded leather also feels kind of synthetic in nature and you can obviously sense it from the smooth surface with consistent texture all along. It feels thin and lacks softness. This duplicity takes it closer to low cost faux leather.

Coarse look & touch:

Real leather is never smooth in either look or to the touch as it contains imperfections and blemishes, apart from its irregular surface. If you graze your fingers across the surface, genuine leather does not feel easy and even. The surface stretches and wrinkles in case of pressing fingers on it.


The distinct leathery smell is all but absent in bonded leather and you can say it from a mile away. It brings you none of the natural, organic skin scent as the smell is beyond artificial production.

Is bonded leather durable?

Normally, we may expect 2-3 years of non problematic use of bonded leather before it starts peeling, flaking and cracking. In comparison to genuine leather, this lifespan is frustratingly short.

However, we should compare its durability against the price and then we might say that it is rather satisfactory.

Remember you have not spent a fortune for it. So the loss is not particularly a regrettable one after a few years. Bonded leather is not a solid structure and is an endless mesh of scraps from leather, polyurethane, paper or cloth and so on.

Bodily oils, dirt and other external elements can exert adverse effects on its longevity. The strong initial formation or bondage of those materials fall apart within a few years. The plastic deteriorates, the surface starts wearing and cracks appear all over the place.

With a proper care, top quality real leather can last even several decades.

Water resistant:

Contrarily, bonded leather is extremely tolerant to moisture and spills like none of its counterparts. Daily use and abrasions can have little impact upon its durability as well. However once cracks get hold of it, the end is very near with abrupt collapses.

Peeling and flaking:

Lack of natural leather features result in inflexibility. Therefore, peeling and flaking are true worries for bonded leather furniture and products.

Over time, the materials come off of paper backing and the whole thing gets disjointed. Moreover, pet and children’s frequency can have a toll on its life too.

What is the use of bonded leather?

Bonded leather serves all kinds of purposes. We have listed them down.

Furniture upholstery:

Sofas, sectionals, chairs, stools, couches, headboards, ottomans, lounge chairs, and so on. Clothing & footwear: Surfaces and lining of clothes, jackets, pants, skirts, and hats. Shoes, boots, sandals, etc.


Briefcases, bags, some handbags, backpacks, protective cases, makeup bags, electronic device protectors, and portfolios.


Book cover, bookbinding, belt, wallet, strap, keychain, eyeglass case, sunglass case, jewelry box, key case, credit card case, etc.

What are the advantages of bonded leather?

We cannot write off bonded leather altogether because of its fundamental low quality. Look, everyone is not looking for class and longevity all the time. They have different reasons for buying a product. We can effectively trace out several advantages of the best leathersoft goods. Let’s discuss them here.


Comparatively low priced bonded leather merchandise is a sound option for many as less expenses are always welcome in most of the families.

Ultimately stylish:

It offers an unimaginably wide array of colors and styles which are most of the time absent in case of genuine leather products.

Great appearance:

It introduces superb smoothness, highly consistent texture and is devoid of imperfections that many people actually prefer.

Real leather smell:

Well, bonded leather gets you genuine smell of leather unlike fake leather.

Animal friendly:

Animal lovers may find it to be a lesser evil choice as bonded leather is not the reason why the animal was killed in the first place.

What are the disadvantages of bonded leather?

We cannot ignore the downsides of bonded leather as well. Let’s focus on them now.


Rigid build up of bonded leather product is responsible for causing some unease during use.

Short lifespan:

It lasts little over a few years unless you are not extremely careful about its care and maintenance. Scratches, peels and flakes literally ruin its durability.

Beyond repair:

Once it starts going down the drain, you cannot stop it from deteriorating even with utmost efforts. Fixing tears and scratches is almost impossible.


The color degenerates pretty quickly if exposed to the sunlight.

Difficult cleaning:

Tough luck with the cleaning solutions as they also contain chemicals with abrasive properties that adversely affect the longevity of bonded leather.

Not eco-friendly:

They apply chemicals to bind the whole thing together and over time, the chemical loosens. Throwing it away into the garbage will impact the environment negatively.

How to care for bonded leather?

Despite its temporary nature of elegant service, bonded leather can brighten up your place well. You just need a few tricks up your sleeve.

We are going to discuss the care and maintenance procedures which will positively impact its durability.

Cleaning bonded leather:

Use a wet microfiber cloth to wipe the surface on a weekly or bi-weekly basis. In case of sticky dirt and grime, apply a soft bristle brush. Neither of these cleaning tools should be pressed too hard.

Take a gentle cleaner or a mild non alkaline, non detergent soap to wipe out resilient stains and dirt. Hard stains need cleaners specially developed for bonded leather.

Harsh chemicals bring hazards to its sustainability. You might occasionally vacuum it or use a crevice tool to handle the debris hiding inside the seams. In all of these instances, dry out the leather properly before storing.


Scratches need filling with a liquid of interchangeable color. Then level it up by heat pressing and applying a grain pattern.


Fixing a tear goes way more difficult than a scratch. It requires careful use of fabric, flexible glue and a liquid of identical color.


Simply massage but steer clear of rubbing a tablespoon of leather conditioner. Pay close attention to the zones that undergo the most wear, e.g. handles, straps, seats and arms. Mop away excess conditioner using a dry cloth.

Apply Conditioner on bonded leather at least twice a year. The protective surface coating makes conditioners pretty much useless as the leather remains hidden under the exterior finish.

Simple cleaning will keep it shiny and bright looking all the way. But a fitting leather conditioner is always welcome to protect and preserve the surface better.


Keep the warranty card close at hand as it might be necessary anytime. A futuristic leather manufacturer never shies away from dealing with factory defects or weaknesses as well as serious wear and tear.


Try not to allow kids and pets in the vicinity of bonded leather furniture and accessories. Maintain the safest distance from heating vents and fireplaces as well. The heat dries out the leather and precipitates peeling. Spills are immediately followed with stains. So you must readily be on your toes to wipe out the water.


Cool and dry places are ideal for bonded leather. So you may set up the furniture away from the window which is a source of occasional direct sun. Sunlight can damage the protective coating and eventually, fade it. Besides, too much moisture may dent the longevity of accessories and clothing.

Final Touch:

Bonded leather puts forward some unique privileges under strained budgetary conditions.

It facilitates an almost similar look and smell of real leather at slashed down prices. With a proper set of care and maintenance program, you can surely extend its durability despite its essential shorter lifespan.

In case of bonded leather goods, if someone knows what he is purchasing, the deal could be a source of joy for years to come. Take a closer look at the label describing the percentage of leather in it, check out the warranty offers and jump on-board the world of bonded leather using your knowledge. You will never regret it if you follow through the expert advice.

Full Grain Leather

A Complete Guide on Full-Grain Leather

Full Grain Leather

Full grain leather promises the best quality as well as exceptionality as one could imagine. Leather experts say that no two full grain leather products carry the same signature markings.

They grow their own unique characters which in turn, earn ultimate appreciation from the admirers. 

What is full grain leather?

Full grain leather comes from the top layer of the hide that lies right beneath the hair. The  grain pattern goes super tight at this segment of the hide and hence, the title ‘full grain’ comes into effect.

This compactness naturally averts any damage because of moisture. This is, in fact, the only real or genuine leather but the term is barely applied due to its essential flawed connotations.

Full grain leather does not undergo sanding, snuffing or buffing which causes alterations to the hide. It holds on to the grain layer together with the original texture and surface which over time, develops patina.

In fact, very little alteration takes place in its processing except for pulling out the hair. It involves no grain print on the natural surface of the hide. Unlike low cost artificial leather, full grain pledges extra strength and endurance as the top part remains untouched prior to laying out the surface coating.

Undoubtedly, this is the strongest and most durable segment of the hide as it is meant to guard against all kinds of exterior forces including insect bites, cuts, crashes and scratches.

However, these ostensible natural spots or blemishes are often considered as marks of honor as it denotes the premium class of the most pricey leather. This is why an individual full grain furniture or footwear takes on an exclusive appearance that resembles no other leather products.

Full grain leather must be top grade as it does not cover up the imperfections.

One must remember that only the highest quality rawhide can finally be processed into the full grain leather.

What is full grain leather used for?

Full grain leather is the tightest and mightiest of all grades and naturally resists moisture intrusion the best. Because of durability, it is used for a wide variety of sophisticated products. Most notably, full grain leather contributes to the making of high-end furniture and bags.

Manufacturers also save it for fashioning exclusive footwear items. Besides, wallets, dress belts, briefcases, weapon holsters and utility belts are some other leather merchandise in this segment. People opt for full grain due to its essential heavy duty and long lasting properties.

How do you protect full grain leather?

Light touch and mild cleaning products show the magic in full. If you are not gentle in its handling, it will warp, fade or peel in ugly manner. Lets’ jump into the list of dos and don’ts right now.

What you should do:

  • Dust with a dry or a damp cloth such as cotton towel and sponge to drive out grime and dirt buildups.
  • You may also use a mild hand soap and warm water solution to clean it up.
  • In case the leather runs dry, you can opt for a polish with a little amount of extra virgin olive oil. Judicious use of perfect leather cream and conditioners can maintain its essential suppleness and waterproof properties.
  • If it soaks in water, gently rub with a dry cotton cloth. Then place it in a breezy setting.

What you should not do:

  • Do not use harsh chemicals as they may damage it beyond repairment. The color, strength and texture may experience irrecoverable changes. No detergent, cleaning sprays should make it anywhere near leather objects.
  • Never go hard while polishing or rubbing its surface. It does more harm than good to its durability and look.
  • Heat and water are irreversible enemies of leather. So do not take it to the swimming pool or beach and also never abandon it in the parked car in the sun as you are heading to somewhere else.
  • Water spills lead to smudges or stains if you let it sit for a while. So take immediate action by wiping it out. Besides, leather cream can take care of scratches as you use a soft cloth to apply it on the marks until it vanishes.

What is patina on full grain leather?

Full grain leather lovers desperately crave for patina. This is the individual markings and features that curve out on the surface of the product. Bodily oil, moisture, external temperature and several other factors help develop it. Exposure to these outer elements gradually lends an elegant personality to the leather product.

Patina obviously certifies the finest character of the leather with signature marks of natural ageing. It brings in a glossy richness with freckled character that is subject to close inspection. Daily wear and tear leads to its formation. If you have an old leather bag or a pair of gloves, you may want to check it out right now.

It always tells an exclusive story that matches no other. The weathered look of leather is highly regarded and considered as a treasure. People will naturally notice its fullness of beauty and uncommonness. Patina is the legacy of ageing and declining in age does not necessarily cast the shadow of death on the top class full grain products. No weaknesses or or worsening conditions take hold of leather in case it develops patina very well.

We should mention that only the highest class of leather gives forth patina. All leather products do not naturally develop it. Inferior quality items, emanating from nominal bi-cast or economical bonded leather, may patina in the slightest form and often you may not even detect it at all. 

What is leather grain?

Leather grain denotes structural formation and outlook of the hide. This is what actually gives them an individual style or nature.

Many industry insiders point out a striking similarity between leather grain and wood grain which suggests a pattern of fibres seen in a cut surface of wood. The longitudinal arrangement of wood fibers results from wood grain.

Which animal hide is most used for full grain leather?

Cowhide is the biggest source of full grain leather. Its large size and availability makes it an ideal choice for all kinds of leather products. But we should not forget the contribution of mink, sheep, goats, pigs, alligators, ostriches and kangaroos as well.

Which animal hides are suitable for full grain leather?

Full grain leather is sourced from cattle, calves, lambs, pigs, goats, sheep and some other wild animals such as zebras, bison, alligators, elephants, crocodiles, lizards, snakes, ostriches and kangaroos.

Especially, deerskin offers the strength similar to that of cowhide with a softer as well as lighter feel. Extremely supple and amazingly smooth deerskin is used not only in greater fashion wear including coats, jackets, handbags and gloves. Its softness grows exponentially as the years roll by.

Top Grain Leather

Most Precise Insights into Top Grain Leather

Top Grain LeatherTop grain leather or corrected grain leather basically points to the outermost segment of the cowhide that undergoes light alterations before making it to the market.

The changes or customizations such as sanding or buffing are designed to shield the smaller imperfections. These changes are meant to make it look smooth and to mask natural markings.

Top grain leather craftily differs from the best full grain leather which is actually the costliest and most appealing part of the hide.

What is top grain leather?

Let’s analyze the issue to the fullest. The uppermost section of the hide gives forth two layers of nearly unidentifiable leathers. The natural exterior part is called full grain and top grain lies right beneath that part. If a hide is relatively blemish free, full grain is the way recommended by the experts. 

Top grain means the second highest leather quality after shaving off the top layer. It is actually the top cut of a cowhide with the outermost layer of the skin removed or corrected to bury the bruises and imperfections. While top grain leather is the same cut from the hide just as full grain, it requires adjustments such as sanding or buffing beyond the removal of hair.

Which features differentiate full grain and top grain leather?

These two types of leathers are intricately attached to each other. There are several marks of clear distinction in case we discuss top grain vs full grain leather. Now, we are going to light up a few obvious lines of demarcation between them.

  • Quality: Full grain is the highest quality leather and top grain trails it from right behind. All other grades technically lag far behind including genuine leather materials, etc
  • Cost: Naturally, full grain costs big bucks as it is incredibly difficult for the manufacturers to work with because it calls for greater care and expertise. Contrarily, top grain brings in a thinner and modified layer which is easily workable and accordingly, the price dips a little.
  • Outlook: Full grain leather promises stellar appearance with its natural fibers and marks poking out of the hide. Extreme breathability and diverse surface of these products also takes out many hearts. On the opposite, the top grain exterior sands away all the imperfections. It gives a kind of monotonous, uniform or consistent look.
  • Durability: Full grain leather is fascinatingly robust and way more durable than any of its counterparts.  Top grain outperforms all other leather types such as almost artificial bonded leather, except for only full grain.
  • Fading and aging: Amazing things happen to a full grain product as it matures. It takes on a unique look and feel with a character of its own. Many leather admirers resort to full grain products only because it will patina. Noticeably, top grain leather loses touch with its finish coat and it does not develop a natural patina, a gradual change in color over time.
  • Maintenance: Both types of leathers give in to stains pretty easily and require a lot of care and constant alertness. But if the finish coat is any weaker on the top grain, it may spell a disaster on its longevity. For full grain, cleaning is preferred with a damp piece of cloth, a mild hand soap and lukewarm water. Top grain products accept simple cleanups together with high quality leather conditioners and solutions.

What is top grain leather used for?

A bunch of high-end leather products including purses, satchels, handbags, wallets, briefcases and keychains are made of top grain leather.

It performs the best when the exposure to the exterior section goes low and rough use is mostly out of question.

Top grain leather: good or bad for you?

It really depends on what you are looking for in it. We have sorted out several reasons for you to select top grain leather on top of other choices. You can make an informed decision from this list of advantages and disadvantages. 


  • Cost effective: If you are looking for budget friendly leather products and unwilling to compromise with the quality to some degree, top grain is the way to go.
  • Workability: Manufacturers clearly have an edge in terms of maneuverability and workability with it.
  • Durability: It stands a better chance of enduring a long time use than other types of leathers apart from full grain. If the finish coating is up to the mark, it may even outlast any other alternative out there.
  • Variation in styles: Wide range of dying and patterns can give the taste of exotic designs thanks to its great utility.

There are a range of issues that may deter you from using top grain leather as well. 


  • Qualitative compromise: Sanding and buffing inevitably leads to less breathability and endurance. Brittles and cracks appear on it and thus shorten the life of the product. But with proper care, it may even last 10 to 15 years.
  • No individuality: Full grain leather products show up with one of a kind personality and appearance which is conspicuously absent in top grain items. Due to lack of breathability and patina, it does not tell an exclusive story about its life long journey.

What color does top grain leather offer?

Top grain leather comes in all imaginable colors as there lies a distinct difference in dyeing and coating. Dyeing is usually done in a uniform color whereas the shiny protective coating may incorporate several colors or distinguishable layers of the same color. 

The coating envelops the dye underneath it. But you can have a glance at the original dye by taking a look at the inner part of the leather. 

How to waterproof top grain leather?

Take it in, real leather is astonishingly porous. Obviously, top grain leather is made from the strongest segment of the hide.

However keeping leather characteristics in mind, admirers treat it with beeswax cream or spray protectant coating to enhance its waterproof properties. Even then, complete waterproofness is often a far fetched dream.

On a note of caution, leather experts suggest that you spray the protective patch on a rather low-key area of the product before going all over it.

So, any mishap stays within the range of tolerance. There are prior cases of color or texture alterations that you may find repulsive with its darkening effect. This small precaution will help you in that regard.


Top grain leather comes from the best part of the hide and performs just below that of full grain leather.

In short, it is superior to all other leather types except for full grain. To speak frankly, the removal of imperfections slightly mars its natural beauty.

However, one can easily rely on its excellent quality. It avails you almost all the amenities of full grain, barring the look. Amazingly, it costs you a little less with all those privileges.

So, less expenses team up with greater stain resistance and this unique combination seals its fate with ever growing demand among the leather lovers. 

You already know full well that sanding and buffing takes out some of its longevity and it does not give an individual vibe.

These light alterations and lack of uniqueness should not break your heart as your wallet does not feel excessive pressure as well. With a little care and maintenance, it will still last longer than any of its rival leather grades.

This is essentially a strong type of leather that ages far better than its split and artificial counterparts. If you need a top performing leather product in a limited budget, there is barely a competitor to top grain leather.

Lexol Leather Conditioner

Lexol Leather Conditioner for All Leather Goods in 2022

The Lexol brand has been leading the leather care industry since 1933. Lexol conditioners are reputed for their premium care and deep nourishment for the leather goods. It has introduced the most wanted conditioning oils applied by the tanners in the manufacturing process.

Beauty and durability has always been the top priority for Lexol. Over the years, their trusted formula has garnered utmost customer reliability in terms of cleanliness, restoration and maintenance of your precious leather items. Consequently, this brand has earned a pioneering role in the tannery industry as a whole.

Lexol Leather Conditioner:

Keeping the ever shifting market demands on the forefront, they have outlined this 3 litre cleaner and conditioner. We are now diving deep into what is at stake for you.


Conditioner & cleaner:

Due to the porous structure of real leather, dirt and dust get stuck into the nook and cranny of your beloved leather product. Lexol conditioner & cleaner retrieves the beautiful appearance once more, each time you apply it. It strengthens the outer surface with deep conditioning. Besides, the top area enjoys superior protection from stains. On a side note, it also enhances the patina. 

Aging & durability:

Cracking and premature aging goes out of question. Most importantly, the conditioner leaves no greasy residue at all and fetches a smooth as well as finished look. Tiny oil droplet formula immensely contributes to a robust bondage between the conditioner and the leather fiber. In turn, the flexibility and endurance of the product goes up significantly. It substantially slows down the daily wear and tear like a quick fix.

Water resistance:

Lexol shows some wonders as a softener but not so much as a waterproofing material.

Method of use:

The manufacturers have placed your ease of use at the forefront. As a result, the Lexol conditioner is subject to all kinds of application including spraying, rubbing, buffing and wiping on the surface. Let the leather dry for an hour after using the conditioner. Rub wax after it perfectly dries out. You might occasionally trace a distinctly slippery feel because of the conditioner. So proper drying out is mandatory as an immediate drive out could result in a slippery steering wheel.

Product range:

It has been designed to apply on leather car upholstery, trucks, shoes, boots, baggage, saddles, sports equipment including baseball gloves, sofas, couches, chairs, handbags, briefcases, and other leather accessories such as belts, bags and purses. For sofas and couches, you need to contact your manufacturer before you put it in action because there are reports of whitish marks from some reliable sources.

No wax formula:

Contains no wax.


Apply it twice a year and it will do enough. Due to its inherently benign nature, you can even go for more than twice in case the leather products need immediate attention. Lexol conditioner along with Lexol cleaning pads can genuinely show you some miracles.


The smell of Lexol almost resembles that of leather itself. It rarely seems troublesome to the customers unless you have a hound nose out there. You can barely distinguish it from leather due to its mild nature. However if you smell it, you may find it unpleasant. On a positive note, it dissipates quite rapidly and leaves a fresh leather smell. Mostly you will never care about it at all.

Effects on color:

Though Lexol does not use harsh chemicals, some of your leather items might experience a little change of color. Especially if the color is on the brighter side of the spectrum, you have a reason to suspect that it will undergo mild alterations. Better to be on the safe side and try it on a hidden corner, out of the usual sights or inspections.


Reasonable price for a 3 liter pack.

Leather type:

Lexol leather conditioner is not recommended for suede or extremely soft leather as even the gentle chemical reaction might have a negative impact upon the texture and the surface.

Expert opinion:

Our experts team has clearly outlined a whole line of advantages and disadvantages of Lexol leather conditioner. We are of the opinion that Lexol performs above average range when it comes to leather cleaning and conditioning. It sharpens the outlook and pushes away the aging concerns. The product is made of gentle chemical components. So its application does not cause dramatic changes or damages. Protects leather from cracking.

The irresistible pricing goes right into your head. Moreover, one cannot write off almost 9 decades of Lexol experience in the leather industry. You can visibly feel the client satisfaction arising from the conditioner. There are even customers who rely on it for 3-4 decades on a stretch. The superior quality and ultimate on-field achievement throughout the years tell a one of a kind story.

Contrarily, there are several points to be aware of as well. You should not use it on suede or exceedingly soft leather. Bright colors may rarely experience a little change in hue. The drying out process must be carried out in accordance with the guidelines.

Otherwise, leather objects may slip out of hands due to an essentially silky surface. The mild smell is not a deep concern but for few. You must test it on an invisible corner before going all over any precious leather furniture or products. These careful steps can keep you away from harms.

Veg Tan Leather

A Complete Guide on Veg Tan Leather

LeatherFact has prepared the most comprehensive guidelines on veg tan leather. Our experts have shared their knowledge about its definition, quality, characteristics and its implications in leather products.

Going through this writeup, you will be able to identify it, have a clear concept regarding the price and a sound knowledge on all its prospects.

What is vegetable tanned leather?

Vegetable tanned leather points to an organic tanning method of the hide. This slow process is different from chrome tanning leather. It taps into all natural materials for tanning. These tanning substances are called ‘tanning agents’ or simply ‘tannins’. The extracts are very often collected from mimosa, tara pods or gall nuts, quebracho wood and chestnut.

Tanning leads to a combative capacity of the leather, essential for repelling withering effects. It also turns the leather increasingly supple as well as good looking. Vegetable tanning breeds a little water resistance. It is actually one of the most ancient leather processing methods in history.

Animal hides contain collagen, the fundamental structural protein component. Tannins effectively stabilize these proteins.

Consequently, the skin gets protection from disintegration. Veg tan leather ages well and brings in a richer patina.

Another name for veg tan leather:

Vegetable tanned leather is also known as ‘natural leather’.

What are the sources of rawhide for veg tan leather?

Usually, rawhide is collected from cows, sheep and goats and all kinds of thick skinned animals. But mostly bovine, ovine and caprine hides are the largest sources. 

Manufacturing process of veg tan leather:

In short, the water molecules are responsible for rotting and degeneration of the hide. Tanning drives out the water and replaces the empty space therein with tannins, less watery components. So the finished goods enjoy durability. However, natural tanning is less appealing, due to its slow production speed.

Rot prevention:

If the grain starts degenerating, there is no way to process leather from the skin. The rawhide is preserved with salt, in order to prevent rotting.

Reaching the tanneries, the hide finds itself in the cutting room as it is the first step. Master cutters execute this vital task. They separate the sides, the buttocks and the shoulders of the skin. 


At opportune time, those are moved into a lime pit. This is actually a drum filled with lime, meant to remove the fur and foreign objects. This is called the dehairing process. Tanners rehydrate it in the drum so that the skin sheds the hair and the unwanted components altogether.

Heavy preparation:

Now they take it for fleshing and splitting. It removes all junk such as flesh and grease. These are sent to another drum, to bring down the pH level. The hides are heavily rinsed. This step restores the optimum state of the skin, to begin with the vegetable tanning.

Add tannins:

Then the skin ends up in another drum full of natural tannins, such as tree bark. The tanning liquid soaks the hide for even weeks. Tanners keep a close eye on the process. The timing and care makes sure that the skin absorbs the tannin components, to its maximum capacity.

Smell & color:

When it is pulled out of the drum, the leather emits unique leathery scents. A sweet fragrance of vegetable substances reach your nose which is strikingly similar to the woods.

It appears in warm and bright colors. You feel the softness to the touches. This softness and resistance is absent in any other types of tanning.. 


Tanners pick up the hide from the tannins to shed glut moisture. This is the time for shaving the leather down to the desired thickness, in complete uniformity to match the product requirements.


Then comes the drying process. They use machines for this purpose. This phase eliminates the most amount of water from the skin. Dry pressing, enlargement and drafting of the skin gets you to the goal.

Now flatten it to remove residual moisture. Skin is hung on an aerial chain in constant temperature and controlled humidity. Or it might be air dried too.

Alterations in sequences:

The recipe is a long and ancient one. The sequences of tanning, dyeing and stuffing remain buried as deep manufacturer secrets.

This sensitive information characterizes the manufacturer and no master tanner is willing to expose the details. So you might eventually unearth the steps but never the ingredients.

Experience of tanners:

The experience of the master tanners in blending various types of ingredients and alternating these phases is crucial to the production of different items.

It also ensures consistent quality all along. Vegetable tanned leather takes from our life but age fails to ruin it.

What are the tannins?

The tannins are usually sourced from quebracho, tara pods or gall nuts, olive leaves, rhubarb roots, and mimosa. These plant substances are inevitable for a successful completion of the process.

Natural tannins are collected from the barks, leaves and branches of trees and plants. These ingredients put the least negative impact upon the environment.

What differentiates veg tan from chrome tan?

Chrome tanning resorts to a mixture of chemicals, acids, and salts to tan the skin. Swiftness marks this process. It might take less than a day to produce a finished leather, in this method. Chrome tanning promises faster output and has gained much popularity since its inception, back in 1858.


Vegetable Tanned Leather

Chrome Tanned Leather


Thousands of years old.

Chrome tan originated in 1858.


Finishing a leather takes a huge time, weeks and even months

Super fast & delivers output in a day.


The treatment calls for extraordinary skills and careful expertise.

Routine skills are enough.

4 Stellar quality and outlook.

Excellent but not at the same level as that of veg tanned items.


An eco-friendly system, relying on natural components.

Depends on hazardous chemicals and inflicts damages upon the ecosystem.

6 Purchasing one costs a fortune.

Cheaper alternative.


Barely tolerates any exposure to the water.

Handles water, temperature and humidity pressures, like a pro


Endures rugged use.

Not reliable in experiencing the tough days.


Offers little variation in colors as it relies on natural substances. But the colors are deep, warm and pleasant to the eyes.

Comes in all imaginable colors. But these are scarcely eye soothing items.


Years of use does not negatively affect the colors.

Fading could be a reality, pretty soon.

How to identify a veg tan leather?

One cannot tell the differences simply from its looks. But your nose never lies. Trust it. A sweet and distinctly woody fragrance emanates from it. No other artificial component can emulate it. It is completely devoid of plastic smells, a mark of heavy chemical presence. 

The hallmark of authenticity can also be inferred from its unique shades as well as nuances. It introduces a superb richness and incredible depth in color as well.

Besides, natural tanning leads to a remarkable inconsistency in both tone and color.

You will certainly notice the softness, suppleness and pleasantness all along. All these desirable attributes are obviously missing in chrome tanning.

Pros & cons of vegetable tanned leather:

There are a number of advantages and disadvantages associated with veg tan leather. We need to have a look.





Strongest leather. Used for all kinds of sturdy products including saddles, holsters, etc.

It is not malleable and is often unsuitable for boots that require a little give..


Absorbs moisture better.

Production needs a lot of water, causing wastage.


Deeper & warmer natural colors bring in nuanced shades

Manufacturing needs weeks and even months to reflect proper craftsmanship.


Ages greatly with patina and all those positive attributes.

Enormous price tag.


Lasts for several generations.



Environment friendly manufacturing process.



Illustrates a unique & original character.



Superb, as a legacy or a reflection of tradition.



Worker and consumer health remains intact as it hardly involves the use of chemical ingredients.





What differentiates veg tan leather & vegan leather?

Despite the homophonic names, there is an insurmountable gap between vegetable tanned leather and vegan leather. We must check it out.


Vegetable Tan Leather

Vegan Leather


Uses rawhide as the main component. Real leather product.

Uses polyurethane or PVC with paper backing and no genuine leather at all. Artificial leather goods.


Eco-friendly as it exploits natural substances.

Not environment friendly as it utilizes chemical substances.


Costly items.

Routine skills are enough.


Takes a lot of time, manual labor and great craftsmanship.

Can be produced quickly on an industrial scale.


Smells natural and pleasing. Soothes your soul with an excellent leathery scent.

Smells of plastic and chemical elements.


Lasts for generations.

Short lived.


Develops patina & the color gets richer as it ages.

No patina. The color fades along with the passage of time.


Not very much available.

Market is flooded with faux leather goods.


Water exposure causes terrible damage.

Water causes a little harm but not that much.




Does veg tan leather cause allergy?

No, veg tan does not harm the skin of an allergic person. Consequently, allergic leather lovers find the vegetable tanned leather suited to their cause. Its production process removes most of the chemical substances which are primarily responsible for this disease. 

Instead of heavy metals and toxic components, this method relies on natural ingredients such as tannins. Unlike other chemical based tanning systems, it maintains safe skin skin contact, even for the kids.

Bi-Cast Leather

Exposing Bi-cast Leather Issues: A Comprehensive Guide

In short, bi-cast leather is neither fully genuine nor completely fake. It strictly maintains a fine line between these two distinct categories by taking things from both sides.

The embossing process asserts a leather-like grainy appearance on it and takes it to the brotherhood of cheaper faux leather alternatives. You can certainly sense a stiffer surface in comparison to top grain leather surfaces, marked with a consistent texture all along.

The finished goods apparently do not show any leather components whatsoever. A bunch of industries such as furniture, footwear, etc heavily relies on it.

So let’s check out what bi-cast leather is, its identification methods and care issues in this article.

What is bi-cast leather?

Basically, bi-cast leather contains two layers of components, namely backing and topping. A rawhide is basically split into two layers which are grain side and flesh side leathers.

While the uppermost layer or top grain is the priciest and enjoys the biggest demand, the lower layers could not capture the popular imagination as much.

The lower level or flesh side of split leather functions as the backing of bi-cast and its surface gets coated with polyurethane (PU) or low density polyethylene (LDPE). This coated surface is then embossed to lay down a grainy look that gives it a real-leather feel from afar. Without the coating, this layer of leather actually means little in terms of practical usefulness.

Initially, the footwear industry tapped into the benefits of bi-cast leather which was later reimagined by the furniture industry. Now, we see all kinds of products made of it.

What are the other names of bi-cast leather?

As it contains neither 100% natural leather nor completely artificial components, there are a number of other names indicating bi-cast leather.

Knowing these names clearly gets you ahead in differentiating genuine leather from bi-cast leather.

  • Bycast leather
  • Split leather
  • PU leather
  • Laminated leather
  • Reconstituted leather
  • Genuine leather

What is the quality of bi-cast leather?

Bi-cast leather introduces features of both natural and artificial components and sides closer to the bonded leather quality.

Basically, you get real leather inside a layer of polyurethane sheathing. So we should not expect thorough durability and patina from it. It is not breathable either, contrary to natural leather.

You will obviously find it lacking in strength over a period of time. Daily wear and tear pretty quickly leads to cracks and splits across its surface that could be genuine concern for all of us.

“If we pit genuine leather against bi-cast, we get a clear picture of the whole scenario.”

Whereas real leather lasts for several decades, bi-cast products may sustain for only a few years. In terms of quality, one must not blindly bet on it.

But many people opt for it essentially because of its slashed down prices, an attractive deal that runs in conjunction with the compromised quality.

How to identify bi-cast leather?

Looks can be deceiving and you know that. Well, nothing could reach as close to this maxim as bi-cast leather in this respect.

Anyone might fall for its trickery, considering its close resemblance to budget friendly genuine leather. We are divulging some of the top leather industry secrets for you to differentiate them from one another..


Real leather never goes cheap no matter what. If the price is too enticing to be true, perhaps it is. Take a note on price differences in the same kind of products and a significant variation should ring a bell in your mind. Enquire deep into this issue and your seller would probably respond to it truthfully by mentioning a chasm in leather quality in them.

Label check: For all kinds of artificial leather items, mentioning the percentage of real leather is mandatory. You can check out the label for this vital piece of information.


Genuine leather introduces extreme suppleness all along. Bundle it in your grip and let go. It will immediately retrieve its original position as well as appearance. For even a second, you cannot restrict it to a certain formation, leaving room for free movement.


The texture of bi-cast leather takes on an eye catching and shiny plastic look. Moreover, it is, in no way, as thick as genuine leather. Additionally, the grainy texture is evenly distributed across its outer surface with a noticeably consistent spatial distance.

Fire test:

Of course, lighting a fire is the easiest way to demarcate them. Bi-cast leather instantly catches on fire and brings forth a smothering plastic smell. Contrarily, genuine leather produces a distinctly repulsive odor.

Patina and durability:

Bi-cast leather never develops patina and lasts far less than real leather products.


Splits and cracks are normal outcomes of non-resilient leather grades. Over time, bi-cast leather shows these signs of weaknesses unlike its genuine counterpart.

What is bi-cast leather controversy?

The names of bi-cast leather very often puts a rookie customer off guard. One may legally use a ‘genuine leather’ label if the finished product contains elements of real leather.

In this context, bi-cast leather possesses all the rights to be called genuine leather. Many crooked leather manufacturers and sellers utilize this window of opportunity towards a total misrepresentation of the intended meaning.

However, knowing the superior full grain items  superior full grain items can literally extricate you from all deceptions.

The customer understands the gravity of his mistakes, once he starts using the product. The arbitrary quality cannot hide under the rug forever.

As a result, the Federal Trade Commission (FTC), in the USA, has provided a Leather Guide that outlines the marketing strategy of leather products.

Under this guidance, the manufacturer or marketer should adequately clarify the percentage of leather and non leather materials in the product on the label, much clearer for the consumer to see and understand it.

Bi-cast leather products:

Bi-cast leather contributes to the manufacturing of furniture such as counter stools, ottomans, couches, sofas and settees.

A number of accessories also come from it including handbags, men’s bags, belts, wallets, unisex toiletry bags, ashtray covers, camera case, phone casing, and glossy jackets.

In the footwear industry, they manufacture shoes, boots, sandals, moccasins, etc. Bookbinding, book covers, leather carving are some other utilities. Besides, cell phone holsters, gun holsters are a few things to consider. 

What are the advantages of bi-cast leather?

There are several powerful conveniences fueling the demand of bi-cast leather. They are as follows.

  • Price: Obviously, cutting down costs has always been a priority for customers and bi-cast leather offers just that privilege. Easy manufacturing process together with lower grade ingredients leads to a slashed down price.
  • Water resistant: Water intrusion is a genuine concern for real leather materials. Contrarily, bi-cast leather actively guards against it, thanks to its artificial chemical layer on the surface.
  • Stylistic variations: It allows grand diversity in both colors and styles which is quite difficult to copy on a genuine leather product.
  • Consistent appearance: The surface texture gives a consistent look and is appreciated in office settings and public places.
  • Simpler maintenance: Once in a while swipes with a cloth is plenty good for its upkeep.

What are the disadvantages of bi-cast leather?

We have to take the darker sides of bi-cast leather into account as well. Please, bear with us for a few more minutes.

  • Low quality: Compromised standard of leather grade and chemical components do not give it longevity as it degrades rather quickly. Cracks and splits damage it very shortly. Fake leather term is often imposed upon bi-cast leather too.
  • Poor look: The appearance of bi-cast leather erodes pretty rapidly as it does not develop patina. Therefore, the dull outlook pains you within a few years.
  • Smell: Bi-cast leather produces chemical smells which have proved to be repugnant to many clients.
  • Fixing difficulties: Repairing bi-cast leather poses a true challenge because of its deep scars and unnatural modes of tears. It easily gives in to pressures. So kids and pets are really harmful for its durability.

How to care for bi-cast leather?

Bi-cast leather maintenance is more about retaining the sheen and finish so that it gives a fresh and new vibe. We have laid down a clear roadmap for you in this regard.

Cleaner: Frequent dirt, oils and skin contact can tone down its vitality. So you may use a cleaner that is not based on waxes and oils and is specifically intended for bi-cast leather. Stay away from normal leather care products.

Cleaning cloth: For cleaning, a modestly damp lint free cloth performs the best for it. Otherwise, the leather might show cracks and stickiness.

Scratch treatment: Treating abrasions and scratches goes way more difficult and is most of the time, out of question. Hair dryer heating can remove the simpler ones. However, extra heat could damage the coating, literally anytime. But a cautious approach may bear unbelievably satisfying outcomes.

Bi-cast protector: Using a bi-cast protector is a simple hack that prevents stickiness.

Apply all tricks on hidden areas: Whatever fixation, technique or product you apply, do it in a less noticeable zone. So you can avoid doing it altogether, in case of things going out of control .


Bi-cast leather sells with several names and appearance. Therefore we have emphasized on identifying it. In this writeup, we have also disclosed the pros and cons associated with it.

Finally, our experts delivered a list of to-dos for you in order to ensure its longevity. You see, many products come off bi-cast leather and the market is inundated with them. If you can make an informed decision, you won’t lose the game.

There are several reasons for a person to buy a bi-cast leather item as everyone is not looking for utmost durability and premium grade all the time. You may have a reasonable ground for purchasing a bi-cast leather product.

We have got you covered on all these aspects so that you ultimately enjoy the upper hand against the seller. Despite lacking in longevity, flexibility and heavier use, it is popular because of low price, consistent texture and shiny outlook.

However, with a little bit of care, you can significantly increase its lifetime.

Fix large hole in leather couch

How to Fix Large Hole in Leather Couch Easily [Expert Suggestion]

Holes, cracks, and tears are all too common for even the leather couches. In general, pets are responsible for holes, to be more specific, dogs. They scratch, chew and bring out the inner cushion just for fun and pleasure.

Besides, kids often use the sofa as their personal trampoline, causing great damage to the original tenacity of the surface. Thus these kinds of behaviors lead to bruises on the surface. — So, how to fix large hole in leather couch, is a genuine question.

Let’s check out the detail.

How to fix a large hole in a leather couch?

Mending a leather hole slightly differs from fixing a tear. Holes are very tough to handle and many times require professional hands. — However, we may DIY the smaller ones all by ourselves.

Related: How to Fix Scratches on Leather Couch from Dog

Two methods:

There are basically two methods of mending it. You may either stitch + sub-patch it or sub-patch + leather filler + top-patch it. You can also put only leather adhesive and get back the taste of the original stuff.

For teeni-tiny holes:

Give strokes of leather repair adhesive into the hole. Seal it shut with adhesive. Drying takes time and until it fully dries, everyone must maintain a safe distance from the hole.

Watch your pets and kids in this regard.

For large & uneven holes:

You need a set of proper tools, to begin this process. The list includes-

  1. Scissors
  2. Leather filler
  3. Sub-patch
  4. Top-patch of the same color
  5. Leather glue or superglue
  6. Cushion, if necessary
  7. Leather color
  8. Hairdryer 

Prepare the setup:

Normally, the foam comes out of the hole. Cut it out. Then even out the edges of the hole in the form of a circle with the scissors.

If the stuffing is still coming out, remove it. If the cushion is missing, chop the newly bought foam in an appropriate shape and push it inside. You may use non-toxic fabric glue to join the new one to the original foam.

Apply filler:

Now, generously pour in the sustainable leather filler inside, to fill up any small disjointed space and smooth out the surface.

Make sure to dry out each layer of leather filler before placing the next until you make it to the surface level.

A hairdryer is a useful tool for this purpose. The filler allows great flexibility when it dries. It moves and bends along with the cushion.

Get the sub-patch:

The sub-patch may be either leather or denim.  Actually, it does not matter. Give it an inch of extra size than the hole. Then, glue the sub-patch to the top of the newly placed foam and down to the underside of the leather hole.

— Apply steady and firm pressure so that it blends in properly. The sub-patch robustly connects the leather hole and the foam.

Pick the top-patch:

Now, bring out the same colored leather top-patch. You will find it at the hind side of the cushion cover where both the cushions meet.

Manufacturers attach an extra patch over there, for emergencies like these. 

In case you do not find it there, pick an eco-friendly vinyl patch alternative from a nearby store. Be sure about its similar thickness, grain, and color.

These commercial patches usually come with low sticking capacity. — So, you might have to use a powerful glue for them.

Place the top-patch:

Carve it in due size. This is a rather difficult task. You have to place it, exactly in the right edges and places so that no overlapping takes place.

— Therefore, precise laceration is of paramount importance. Glue it to the surface and piece together all corners. This glue must fully dry, prior to using the couch. Again, using a hairdryer on low could bring you a quick result.

Superglue, sandpaper, and leather finish:

In case you are applying superglue on the commercial patch, sand it by hand and 320-grit sandpaper. Repeat this gluing and sanding process until you can feel the evenness of the surface.

After you are satisfied, dye it. Dyeing scores better with a damp sponge

This is a highly sensitive task as it has the potential of ruining all your effort until now. The new color must match the original one.

First, try it on a low-profile or dim area. So, you can control the damage, by withdrawing the dye.

You might have to color the whole exterior, to bring a uniform appearance. Otherwise, some sections will shine bright and the rest will turn out to be dull.

At last, put some premium quality leather finish on top of everything. It will introduce a dazzling look to your work.

Final Thought:

You should give it a rest before further use. Normally, a 24-hour gap bodes well for the newly repaired hole.

Fixing punctured leather couches takes your time and great resolve. You will mostly learn through trial and error, as a newcomer in leathercraft.

— But look at the savings you are making in the process. It is really worth your attention. You may also want to check out the process of mending ripped leather sofas. 

How to reupholster a leather sofa

How to reupholster a leather sofa (5 Easy Steps)

A top quality leather sofa cannot be eliminated altogether as you start developing a distaste for its outlook. A little effort could transform the appearance altogether. The greatest idea is to upholster it.

So how to reupholster a leather sofa is a legit inquiry. We are going to display the Leather Fact thoughts on this vital issue.

What tools do you need to reupholster a leather sofa?

Your tool list should include adequate leather or fabric, a flat head screwdriver, seam ripper, staple gun and staples, electric scissors or fabric cutter, chalk, needle and thread or sewing machine.

How can we reupholster a leather sofa?

Let’s face it, the DIY route requires precise tools, time and experience. But experience is not mandatory if you have a clear guideline. You are about to arm yourself with that specific know-how.

Step1: Remove old leather or fabric:

Remove old leather or fabricTurn the sofa upside down and then dislodge the staples using a flat head screwdriver. Restore the leather pieces to their original size using a seam ripper. Separate these dismissed pieces as they outline the precise measurement for you to follow.

Step2: Cut new leather into the right size:

Cut new leather into the right size

Take the electric scissors or a fabric cutter to shape up the new leather. But first, put the old leather on top of the new one on a flat surface. Hold them tight in place with clips or pins on all corners. If you feel shaky, get the chalk to draw the pattern prior to cutting. Allow an extra 1 inch seam across all sides for professional reupholstering.

Step3: Staple the leather on the back:

Staple the leather on the back

Begin it from the back by aligning the cut leather parts along the previous edges, underneath. Staple it with the staple gun. Pull it up strongly so that the fitting goes snug. 

Step4: Staple the leather on the front:

Staple the leather on the front

Pull and place the upper front piece bottom up and let it dangle down the back. At the top of the sofa, flip the leather piece and staple it along the upper edges of the hind piece. Now, you do not want the staples showing themselves. Flick the leather over on the border. Stick to the old seam edges all along.

For the bottom front part, place it onto the top and flip the piece there before stapling. This flipping gets the staples out of eyesight. Then smooth down the leather and drag it down the sofa to the underside and staple it there.

Again, check out the old fitting points before stapling. Take care in hiding the staples. Set the arm pieces onto the sofa and staple in place on the inside and outside of the back.

Step5: Fashion cushion covers:

Fashion cushion covers

The cushion covers need some readjustment as well. Make slipcovers and sew these pieces together with a zipper for easy pulling out and pushing in.

For more insights, watch some of the best YouTube videos on leather couch reupholstering.

When to reupholster a leather sofa?

This question could pose a significant dilemma. What bars or prompts us in this respect? Dig in.

If it is a hereditary possession that carries remarkable sentimental value, you may have to rethink. Often history bears more importance than outlook.

Time puts additional value on a piece of furniture. A decade or a century old leather sofa cannot be measured in terms of money.

A robust frame gives you all the reasons to go for reupholstering. Changing the torn and worn leather cover could bring it back to life. This is especially true for premium quality leather couches.

Consider the monetary issue as well. A new one will cost you a fortune whereas reframing the old piece could save those extra bucks.


Slip covering could be a shortcut and low budget solution to a leather couch reupholstering. Another way is to clean the sofa using the best couch cleaners.

However, it is your preference after all. Tired and rugged looks of your sofa can easily be revamped using the right kinds of tools and expertise. Many people jump into new ventures to refresh their mind. It gives them the

How to clean a leather sofa

How to clean a leather sofa

Usually, real leather products last for a lifetime. But you need to put in the work for it. Regular cleaning, conditioning and a little maintenance plan can land you at your ultimate goal. Naturally, you would love to make the most out of your bucks. Then let’s explore the ultimate guide on how to clean a leather sofa.

How to clean a leather sofa?

LeatherFact experts point out that light colored leather sofas must be cleaned twice a year whereas once a year is plenty for the deep colored ones. Here, we are divulging the secrets regarding how to bring back the shiny look of a leather sofa.

The simplest leather cleaning method:

  • Take baby soap in water and wring out a microfiber cloth in it.
  • Wipe the leather sofa surface gently.
  • Now, use another microfiber cloth to clean off the residues. 
  • Throw away the soap water into the basin after you are done. Notice the color of the filthy water. If you do it once a month, your leather couch will feel like new at once.

The easiest professional leather cleaning method:

  • Use a vacuum cleaner to eliminate dust, particles and dirt off the surface and inconspicuous angles. Dust it in case of lingering dirt.
  • Put half water and half vinegar to form a sofa leather cleaner. Stir it properly so that it mixes up well.
  • Soak microfiber cloth in it and wring out the cloth.
  • Rub the damp cloth (not wet cloth) on the surface of the leather. Do not rub backward and forward as it weakens the leather and escalate wear & tear.
  • Drying is one of the most vital segments of this task. Give it at least a good night’s rest.
  • Doing it once or twice a year will keep your leather couch disinfected as well, apart from maintaining a bright appearance.

How to remove ink stains from a leather sofa?

Leather Sofa Cleaning

Stains are real enemies to clean a leather sofa and they must be dealt with on a then and there basis. No ifs and no buts. Well do not worry as we have got the effortless ink solution for leather right here.

Finished leather:

  • Soak a cotton swab in rubbing alcohol.
  • Press the swab lightly against the ink stain. Carefully avoid the areas unaffected by the smear. Every time you touch the spot, swap the swab for a fresh one. The mark will gradually fade away.
  • Stroke or tap the area with a soft and clean cloth.
  • Dry it properly.

Unfinished leather:

  • This is too delicate and rich for a rookie to handle. Take professional assistance.

Keeping pens close by the couch is a great way of paving disasters. Your kids might like to do their homework on the sofa, or in some other way, ink stains could possibly mar the appearance of the priciest furniture.

How to remove grease stains from a leather sofa?

If you stick to the regular sofa leather cleaning schedules, you will barely notice any grease stains at all. However, things might happen out of nowhere and a little trick up your sleeve could save you big time.

Unmistakable grease stain removal method:

  • Strew some baking soda right on top of the grease.
  • Give it at least an hour or more.
  • Use a soft and dry cloth or brush to wipe it out of the surface.
  • There are a number of highly useful leather degreasers designed to handle it like a pro. But you must apply it in an inconspicuous zone. So things do not spiral out of control.

How to condition a leather sofa?

Leather loses its suppleness and moisture over a period of regular use. Unless you restore these qualities, the sofa will inevitably look poor. Deep conditioning can easily retrieve the fresh and new feel of the leather couch. However, all cleaner residues should be wiped away before going for conditioning.  All kinds of cleaning should be followed with conditioning as well.

The easiest leather conditioning method:

The all DIY leather conditioning method:

  • Blend lemon or flaxseed oil with water in equal portions.
  • Plunge a soft cloth into it and wring it out properly.
  • Place the damp cloth on the leather surface and gently swipe along on all nooks and corners.
  • The following day, take a fresh and dry cloth to mop it up one last time. 

How to keep stains away from a leather sofa?

Genuine leather stands a greater chance of attracting stains. So you may have to adopt drastic measures to slash down the probabilities of accidents. Let’s check out the most pragmatic path to a stain free sofa.

  • Mold & mildew: Warm and humid climates induce mold and mildew attacks. Apply wax or anti-fungicidal silicone resin to avert it. Sound ventilation goes a long way in this respect.
  • Immediate action: Whenever accidents take place, go for an immediate action. Chunk out the solid food or dirt. For grease and ink stains, adopt one of the methods stated above. Also, a solution of lemon juice and tartar cream in equal portions can work wonders for dark stains. Leave the mix for 10 minus and then mop it up.
  • Conditioning: Water based solutions can dry out the couch. It may initiate brittleness. Apply a fitting leather conditioner for sofa to avoid this kind of scenario, following each cleaning session. Conditioners immediately bring back the natural oils and lends a soft sheen. Put a cap on the use of water. 
  • Regular cleaning: Simple weekly or bi-weekly cleaning with a damp microfiber cloth gives outstanding tenacity and look of the leather sofa. It genuinely dampens the long term hassles and greater concerns.
  • Manual: You have spent a fortune on the leather couch. Now read the instruction manual you received along with it. Do contact the shop or manufacturer before running after other professional assistance. The guide will lay out a proper course of action for leather sofa treatment, in case things happen.

How to repair cuts on leather sofa?

Cuts on leather couches are way more difficult to take care of all by yourself. It takes steady hands. However let’s jump in on a DIY.

  • Clean the area with a leather cleaner.
  • Cut off the stuffing bulging out of the hole.
  • Use a long metal tool to reach into the hole in order to paste a fitting leather glue in the inner side of the cut.
  • Clean the excess glue off the surface with a cloth slightly dampened with leather cleaner immediately after you are done with patching the glue.
  • Place your thumb on one side and gently press it towards the cut in order to strengthen the glued joint. You have to hold it for either a short or long period of time, depending on the surface tension. Do not treat it with a hair dryer for quick heat and dry as it will negatively impact the lifespan of the leather.

Better if you leave this task for the professionals. Most of the time, DIYs are a recipe for disaster.

How to repair flaps on a leather sofa?

Flaps can greatly restrict the beautiful look of the sofa. Luckily, treating leather flaps goes quite easy and simple as they do not cut all the way through.

  • Again, rub the affected area using a leather cleaner.
  • Apply the leather glue on the underside of the flap.
  • Push the flap back down on the leather.
  • Drive out excess glue from the surface using a cloth dampened with leather cleaner.
  • Allow it to air dry for at least an hour.

How to handle scratches on a leather sofa?

Leather is timeless but not immortal unless taken good care of. Scratches pop up once in a while to obliterate the beautiful look. Pets and kids are two of the usual architects in this respect. We need to figure out a process of maintaining a polished outlook anyway.

  • Use a leather cleaning solution to clean the zone.
  • Take mild oil on a cloth or a cotton ball and lightly mop up in a circular move.
  • Air dry it after removing the remnants of oil.


The perfect leather couch gives an ultimate luxurious vibe. Your cleaning techniques weigh a lot in this respect. Handle daily wear-tear, cuts and scratches just like a professional. However, you must arrange the best leather kit to maintain your upper hand over any circumstances. Keep an eye on your manufacturer guide on all occasions before setting off for  DIY. For sure, your leather sofa is going to hold its softness and suppleness for several lifetimes.

Restore Worn Leather Couch

How to Restore Worn Leather Couch

Basically, cleaning, conditioning, and coloring can retrieve the old aristocratic look of the leather couch. Sometimes, there are cuts and bruises on the surface. Those concerns must be dealt with as well. Water damage and ink stains pose challenges too. Let’s get into the details of the subject matter.  


Cleaning is the initial step towards the goal. Your vacuum cleaner can do it within minutes. Carefully eliminate all dirt, debris, particles, and dust. You may want a hand from the best leather cleaner in the market. 

Rub it in a circular motion and then wipe off the surface with the best microfiber cloth. This pH-balanced leather treatment breathes new life into leather while helping to restore and protect neglected leather. Restores and maintains a true natural leather scent. 

Or you may use a baby soap for cleaning the leather sofa with it. Once a month regular scrubbing will also do the trick.


Dryness, exposure to the sun, and lack of moisture ditch the flexibility and suppleness of a leather couch. It can instantly retrieve the dazzling appearance. So, all cleaning should immediately be followed by conditioning as well.

If any residue of dirt or oils are left, the best leather conditioner wipes that right away. It protects from cracks and brittleness. Apart from proper nourishment, the flexibility remains intact.

Rub the conditioner on the leather surface using a cloth, brush, or sponge. Go for thin coats all over the place. Gentle touches are the key to perfect conditioning.


Leather outlasts almost all of your other furniture. Durability takes a toll on its color. Daily wear and tear force a dull look. Therefore, dyeing can revitalize it to the previous vigor. A fine leather dye together with a microfiber leather applicator takes care of recoloring.

You may either stick to the previous color or opt for another one altogether. But the dye should not peel off or crack once it gets dried. Quality matters a lot. You might need to apply a deglazer or alcohol to clean the leather. It ensures smooth penetration for even coverage.

After you are done with coloring, use a leather finish. It guards the stunning glossiness. This thing also lends water-resistant properties and turns the leather top peel & crack proof. Here, you need to apply light coats again.

You must start in an inconspicuous area of the furniture. So any mistake can be amended. Moreover, place some newspaper or protective papers around the couch. It prevents dyes from discoloring the floor. Also, let the leather cleaner and conditioner sit before you go for dyeing.

What is the cost of leather couch restoration?

Leather sofa restoration could start from $500-$1000 USD. however, several factors cause variations in this range. What you ask is what you get. Normally, people look for scratch-and-spot repair and deodorization. Sometimes, customers ask for anti-allergen treatment or UV protection for their leather furniture.

The depth of your requirements could add up further costs or slash down the average range to some extent. The job is seldom restricted to cleaning and conditioning only. Scratch and cut sizes and damaged area proportions heavily contribute to the expenses. 


Usually, cleaning, conditioning, dyeing, and glossing do the job. But pets and children are often responsible for cuts and scratches on the sofa. Those need to be addressed too. The cushions become saggy or flat, causing some discomfort to the eyes.

Besides, pet urine and abrasions damage your dream leather couch. Ink stains are also heavyweight enemies of the sofa. This blog on ‘how to restore worn leather couch’ exclusively deals with the basic concerns. 

We have discussed the individual issues in different articles. Check out the other Leather Fact write-ups. If you follow our primary guidelines, you can rejuvenate the leather couch back to its original form.

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